Types of Cardiovascular Disease
These conditions fall under the umbrella of cardiovascular disease
Also called an irregular heartbeat, this is a problem with the rhythm of the heartbeat, whether irregular, too fast, or too slow. People with diabetes have an increased risk.
A term for when the heart stops. It’s often fatal.
Congestive heart failure
A progressive condition in which the heart begins to pump inefficiently due to one or more causes. As many as 50 percent of people with type 2 diabetes may develop heart failure.
Coronary artery disease
The most common type of CVD and the most common for people with diabetes. It results from blockages of the arteries that supply oxygen to the heart, usually from the buildup of fatty deposits called “plaque.” It can lead to a heart attack.
When an artery supplying blood to the heart becomes blocked, a myocardial infarction (or heart attack) can occur. This happens when plaque in the arteries suddenly ruptures, causing a blood clot that prevents blood from moving to the heart.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
This is a circulatory problem involving the narrowing of arteries that send blood through the legs, stomach, arms, and head. People with diabetes are at a higher risk for developing atherosclerosis (a buildup of plaque in the arteries), the most common cause of PAD.
There are two kinds of strokes, but the most common—known as an ischemic stroke—occurs when blood is blocked from reaching part of the brain.