Birth Control and Blood Glucose
Women with type 2 diabetes are less likely to be prescribed contraception, according to a study published in April in Clinical Diabetes. That’s because of the risk for blood clots, a condition women with diabetes already have an elevated risk for.
Yet the risk of an unplanned pregnancy outweighs those of any type of contraception, according to the American Diabetes Association. That’s why it’s crucial for women with diabetes to use birth control if they’re not planning to get pregnant.
Keep in mind: Certain types of contraception contain estrogen and can increase insulin resistance. This could lead to higher glucose levels. If you opt for a hormonal form of birth control (such as a pill, patch, or vaginal ring), check your blood glucose levels frequently, especially in the first couple of months. It’s a good idea to keep tabs on your blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, too. Intrauterine devices (IUDs), however, offer protection against pregnancy without the blood glucose effects.