The Five Types of Diabetes
You’re probably aware of two types of diabetes: type 1, an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, and type 2, in which the body doesn’t use insulin efficiently—known as insulin resistance. But now Swedish researchers suggest that there are actually five distinct diabetes types, based on data from nearly 15,000 individuals: severe autoimmune, severe insulin deficiency but not autoimmune, severe insulin resistance, obesity without insulin resistance, and older age with only mildly high blood glucose. The groups differ in terms of age, body mass index (BMI, a ratio of weight to height used to classify weight), and risk for future complications. Researchers hope to use this information in the future to better target treatments to individual needs.
Source: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, published online March 1, 2018