Autoimmune Diseases a Risk for Type 1
Autoimmune conditions arise when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissues. In type 1 diabetes, the body wages an all-out war on the insulin-making cells in the pancreas. When researchers analyzed medical records for 25,759 people with type 1 diabetes, they found that about 1 in 4 had a second autoimmune disorder. The most common of these were thyroid problems and celiac disease, in which people can’t tolerate gluten, a protein found in wheat and some other grains. The risk increased with age: Nearly half of those older than 65 had one or more autoimmune conditions. Adults with type 1 should be assessed for other autoimmune conditions at diagnosis and if symptoms develop, according to the American Diabetes Association.
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, published online Sept. 27, 2016