Protein-Rich Breakfasts Stabilize Blood Glucose
For people with type 2 diabetes, eating more protein at breakfast can help stabilize blood glucose levels after both breakfast and lunch. Twelve adults with type 2 diabetes who were not taking insulin or gut hormone drugs (such as DPP-4 inhibitors) each tried two different eating plans, both containing equal calorie, fat, and fiber counts. During one week, they ate a breakfast containing 35 percent protein and 45 percent carbohydrate; they ate 15 percent protein and 65 percent carb for breakfast during another week. Both glucose and insulin levels were lower after the higher-protein, lower-carb versus lower-protein, higher-carb breakfast. Benefits went beyond breakfast: During the higher-protein breakfast week, participants had elevated insulin levels after eating a high-carb lunch, suggesting better handling of the lunch carbs. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may want to check your blood glucose after different meals to see how eating more or less protein and carb affects your glucose levels.
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, published online April 29, 2015