Steamed Food May Help Insulin Work
Deciding whether to roast or steam a food may do more than change its flavor profile. A study found that eating foods that are steamed or boiled can help insulin work better in overweight women. Some scientific evidence suggests that advanced glycation end products (AGEs)—molecules that become damaged by the attachment of glucose—increase the risk for insulin resistance and diabetes complications. Foods that are toasted, grilled, or otherwise browned have higher levels of AGEs than those cooked with moisture. In the study, 74 overweight women consumed either an AGE-rich diet for four weeks or one with lower levels of AGEs. Participants eating the low-AGE diet had significantly greater insulin sensitivity by the study’s end.
Source: Diabetes Care, January 2014