Lifestyle Changes Boost Type 2 Diabetes Prevention
In 2002, a major government-funded study called the Diabetes Prevention Program showed that diet and exercise changes more than halved the development of type 2 diabetes among people at risk, while the glucose-lowering drug metformin cut the risk by nearly a third. After the study ended, all 3,234 of the original participants received lifestyle coaching. Now, 15 years later, the previous interventions are still making a difference. Diabetes rates are 27 percent lower among those who previously underwent the lifestyle modification and 17 percent lower in the metformin group, compared with those taking placebo pills.
Source: American Diabetes Association’s 74th annual Scientific Sessions, June 2014