Can Type 1 Be Diagnosed Sooner?
Research news from the American Diabetes Association 73rd Scientific Sessions, June 21–25, 2013
"If a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes could be made earlier, treatment could be initiated earlier when insulin secretion is less impaired," says Jay Sosenko, MD, who presented findings that may enable doctors to reliably predict who will develop type 1 diabetes a year and a half before diagnosis. Over several years, the research team repeatedly measured the first-phase insulin response in kids at high risk for developing type 1 diabetes. The first-phase insulin response is the sudden burst of insulin from the pancreas that occurs within two minutes after eating and lasts 10 to 15 minutes. They found that children who would go on to develop type 1 experienced a rapid decrease in their first-phase insulin response starting about 1 1/2 years before they were diagnosed. Sosenko says that these kids may benefit from early-intervention treatments that help preserve their insulin-producing beta cells.