Gastric Bypass for the Less Obese
Research news from the American Diabetes Association 72nd Scientific Sessions
June 8–12, 2012 | Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Studies have shown that gastric bypass surgery in severely obese people (those with a body mass index over 35) often results in remission of type 2 diabetes. But few trials have focused on people at the lower end of the obesity range. That's why researchers studied 66 people with type 2 diabetes with BMIs between 30 and 35. Each underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery without complications (there are health risks with this surgery). After six years, 88 percent of participants had full diabetes remission—an A1C under 6.5 percent without medication—and 11 percent had such improvement in blood glucose levels that they could dramatically reduce their diabetes medications. (Only one person didn't improve.) What's more, the surgery reduced participants' risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high blood pressure and high LDL ("bad") cholesterol.
Source: Diabetes Care, July 2012